What is dermatological cancer?

Skin cancer, commonly referred to as dermatological cancer, is a kind of cancer that appears in the skin. The three primary kinds of skin cancer are melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and basal cell carcinoma. The two most frequent kinds of skin cancer, basal and squamous cell carcinoma, are typically brought on by prolonged exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or tanning salons. The face, neck, arms, and hands are common places for these malignancies to appear because of their constant exposure to the sun. Skin cancer can grow anywhere in the body. Infusion is a less frequent but more dangerous kind of skin cancer. Sunburns and other severe, intermittent UV radiation exposure are common causes of infusion. A mole or other skin lesion that has already been present may have new growth or alteration due to skin cancer. Early skin cancer detection and treatment are crucial because they increase the likelihood of a full recovery and can help prevent cancer from spreading to other body parts.

How does Dr Mthombeni diagnose dermatological cancer?

Medical imaging, biopsy, and physical examination are frequently used to diagnose dermatological cancer. During the physical examination, Dr Mthombeni will check the skin for any worrisome moles, growths, or lesions. If a worrisome lesion is found, Dr Mthombeni may conduct a biopsy, which entails taking a tiny tissue sample from the lesion for laboratory testing. When skin cancer progresses beyond the skin, medical imaging techniques like a CT scan or MRI may also be performed to diagnose the stage of the disease.

How does Dr Mthombeni treat dermatological cancer?

There are several possible treatments for dermatological cancer, such as the following:

  • Chemotherapy
    When cancer has spread to other body parts, chemotherapy may be administered to eliminate cancer cells. Skin cancer that has spread or progressed is often treated with this method.
  • Immunotherapy
    Immunotherapy employs medications to assist the body's immune system in identifying and combating cancer cells. This therapy may treat metastatic cancer that has metastasised to other body regions.
  • Radiation therapy
    Radiation therapy may destroy cancer cells and lower the chance of recurrence, especially when the tumour is big or has spread to adjacent lymph nodes.
  • Surgery
    For most kinds of skin cancer, surgery is frequently the primary course of treatment. Dr Mthombeni will cut a small margin of healthy tissue around the diseased area to confirm that all cancer cells have been eliminated.
  • Targeted therapy
    Targeted therapy employs medications that specifically target molecules or pathways important for developing and spreading cancer cells. Advanced infusion with particular genetic alterations may be treated with this method.
  • Topical medications
    Topical drugs in creams or gels may treat specific skin cancer forms, such as superficial basal cell carcinoma.



What are the symptoms of dermatological cancer?

Skin cancer, often known as dermatological cancer, can exhibit several symptoms, such as:

  • Bleeding or crusting
  • Changes in sensation
  • Changes in the skin
  • Itching, tenderness, or pain
  • Redness or inflammation
  • Sores that don't heal

What is the prognosis of dermatological cancer?

The prognosis is generally better the earlier cancer is found and treated. The prognosis is generally favourable, with a high cure rate when found early and treated effectively. These malignancies are typically skin-specific and infrequently metastasise to other organs. The prognosis can change based on the stage of cancer when it is discovered.


How long does the healing process after skin cancer surgery take?

More minor skin malignancies excised with a straightforward excision typically heal within a few weeks. However, more extensive or more involved procedures may necessitate a prolonged healing period.

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